3rd or 4th c. CE
This well-preserved ceramic pitcher was used to fetch water from Well # 2 in the Late Antique period. That is, it belongs to the end of the Roman occupation of Cetamura (not to the period of the castle).
Prov. 46N/12W.23.1. H. 20.3. H. of handle 11. Greatest diam. of rim. 10.5. Diam of base. 7.5. Wt. 897 (restored) Munsell: 5YR 7/6 “reddish yellow” (paste) 5YR 5/6 “yellowish red” 5YR 3/1 “very dark gray” and several others (color coat)
Globular pitcher with trefoil lip and low ring-foot base. Nearly complete, restored from 30 fragments. Fabric very fine, smooth. No temper visible. Color coat irregularly applied inside and outside, with many turn lines visible. Trefoil lip flaring upward, offset by one molding. Handle is a strap handle on underside, has three grooves and 4 ridges on exterior.
The best preserved of numerous examples of Cetamura urceus (pitcher) ware from the Late Roman Imperial materials in Well # 2. Comparandum from the cistern of Temple A at Volterra, stratum dated by coin of Gordion III (241 CE): no. 3758, pitcher with trefoil lip and ring-foot base.
Dating: 3rd (or 4th?) c. CE.
Bibl: Cristofani 1973, 36, no. 3758, Type I a 1.